According to the 2010 All-Russian Population Census Tatarstan’s population makes 3,786,400 people.
The Republic of Tatarstan, ranked eighth in Russia in terms of population after Moscow, St. Petersburg, the Krasnodar Territory, the Republic of Bashkortostan, the Moscow, Sverdlovsk and Rostov Regions. The Republic is the second in the Volga Federal District in terms of population.
In comparison with 2002, the population of the Republic of Tatarstan increased by 7.1 thousand (0.2%).
In Tatarstan, the proportion of urban population in 2012 was 75,7%. The capital of the Republic Kazan is the biggest city.
Tatarstan is one of Russia’s most ethnically diverse areas of. According to 2010 All-Russian Population Census, representatives of over 173 ethnic groups live in the Republic, including 8 nationalities, the number of which exceeds 10,000 people: Tatars, Russians, Chuvashes, Udmurts, Mordovians, Maris, Ukrainians and Bashkirs. Among the peoples of Tatarstan, the biggest group is Tatars (over 2 million people or 53,2%), followed by Russians (more than1.5 million people or 39.7%) and Chuvashes (116.2 thousand people or 3.1%).